Unblock YouTube Videos - Free YouTube Web Proxy Site, Free YouTube Proxy | Tubeunblock
The Wayback Machine - http://web.archive.org/web/20060913000000/http://en.wikipedia.org:80/wiki/August_31
{| style="float:right;" |- |{{AugustCalendar}} |- |{{ThisDateInRecentYears|Month=August|Day=31}} |} {{Linked-title}} is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian_calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ==Events== *1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora dies suddenly without children to succeed the Throne, ending the Macedonian_dynasty. *1864 - American_Civil_War: Union forces led by General William_T._Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta,_Georgia. *1876 - Ottoman_sultan Murat_V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid_II. *1886 - Earthquake kills 100 in Charleston,_South_Carolina. *1888 - Mary_Ann_Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack_the_Ripper's known victims. *1895 - John_Brallier is paid US$10 plus expenses to play football for the Latrobe,_Pennsylvania YMCA, making him the first professional football player. *1897 - Thomas_Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector. *1907 - England, Russia and France form the Triple_Entente alliance. *1914 - Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Copyright Treaty. *1915 - Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Copyright Treaty. *1920 - Polish-Bolshevik_War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle_of_Komarów. * 1920 - First News_radio program broadcast in Detroit, Michigan. *1939 - Nazi_Germany mounts a staged attack on Gleiwitz radio station, giving them an excuse to attack Poland the following day, starting World War II in Europe. *1942 - in Ternopil, western Ukraine, at 4.30 am, German SS organise the first deportation of Jews from Ternopil Ghetto to death camp in Belzec, about 5,000 Jews were deported to face death in Belzec. When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city. *1943 - The USS ''Harmon'', the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for a black person, is commissioned. *1945 - The Liberal_Party_of_Australia is founded by Robert_Menzies. *1948 - Actor Robert_Mitchum was arrested in a Hollywood drug raid. He would later be found guilty of criminal conspiracy to possess Marijuana and was sentenced to 60 days in prison. *1957 - The Federation_of_Malaya gains its independence from the United_Kingdom. *1962 - Trinidad_and_Tobago become independent. *1963 - Walter_Cronkite began his stint as anchor of the "CBS Evening News." *1965 - The Aero_Spacelines_Super_Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight. *1978 - William and Emily_Harris, founders of the Symbionese_Liberation_Army, plead guilty to the 1974 kidnapping of newspaper heiress Patricia_Hearst. *1980 - The Solidarity Trade_union is formed in Poland. *1986 - An Aeroméxico Douglas_DC-9 collides with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 in the air and 15 on the ground. * 1986 - The Soviet passenger liner ''Admiral Nakhimov'' sinks in the Black_Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier ''Pyotr_Vasev'', killing 398. *1991 - Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet_Union. *1992 - Pascal_Lissouba is inaugurated as the President of the Republic_of_the_Congo . *1994 - The Provisional_Irish_Republican_Army declares a Ceasefire. *1997 - Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in Paris. *1998 - North_Korea reportedly launchs ''Kwangmyongsong'', its first satellite. *1999 - The first of a series of Russian_Apartment_Bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others. *2005 - A stampede on Al-Aaimmah_bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people. *2006 - Stolen on August_22, 2004, Edvard_Munch's famous painting The_Scream was recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The paintings were said to be in a better-than-expected condition. ==Births== * 12 - Gaius Caligula, Roman_Emperor (d. 41) * 161 - Commodus, Roman_Emperor (d. 192) *1569 - Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1627) *1663 - Guillaume_Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (d. 1705) *1721 - George_Hervey,_2nd_Earl_of_Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775) *1811 - Theophile_Gautier, French poet and novelist (d. 1872) *1821 - Hermann_von_Helmholtz, German physician (d. 1894) *1822 - Galusha_A._Grow, Speaker of the United_States_House_of_Representatives (d. 1907) *1834 - Amilcare_Ponchielli, Italian composer (d. 1886) *1843 - Georg_von_Hertling, Chancellor_of_Germany (d. 1919) *1870 - Maria_Montessori, Italian educator (d. 1952) *1871 - James_E._Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944) *1878 - Frank_Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933) *1879 - Alma_Mahler, wife of Mahler, Gropius and Werfel (d. 1964) *1880 - Wilhelmina_I_of_the_Netherlands (d. 1962) *1885 - DuBose_Heyward, American playwright (d. 1940) *1896 - Félix-Antoine_Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist (d. 1982) *1897 - Fredric_March, American actor (d. 1975) *1903 - Arthur_Godfrey, American television host (d. 1983) *1907 - Ramon_Magsaysay, President_of_the_Philippines (d. 1957) * 1907 - William_Shawn, American editor (d. 1992) *1908 - William_Saroyan, American novelist (d. 1981) *1913 - Sir Bernard_Lovell, British radio astronomer *1914 - Richard_Basehart, American actor (d. 1984) *1916 - Daniel_Schorr, American journalist *1918 - Alan_Jay_Lerner, American lyricist (d. 1986) *1919 - Amrita_Preetam, Indian poetess and author (d. 2005) *1924 - Buddy_Hackett, American actor and comedian (d. 2003) *1928 - James_Coburn, American actor (d. 2002) *1931 - Noble_Willingham, American actor (d. 2004) * 1931 - Jean_Béliveau, Canadian hockey player *1935 - Frank_Robinson, baseball player and manager * 1935 - Eldridge_Cleaver, American political activist (d. 1998) *1937 - Warren_Berlinger, American actor * 1937 - Bobby_Parker, American Blues_musician/guitarist *1938 - Martin_Bell, British journalist *1939 - Jerry_Allison, American drummer (The_Crickets) *1944 - Roger_Dean, British artist *1945 - Van_Morrison, Irish musician * 1945 - Itzhak_Perlman, Israeli violinist *1948 - Lowell_Ganz, American screenwriter * 1948 - Rudolf_Schenker, German guitarist (Scorpions) *1949 - Richard_Gere, American actor * 1949 - H._David_Politzer, American physicist, Nobel_Prize laureate *1953 - György_Károly, Hungarian author *1955 - Edwin_Moses, American athlete *1956 - Masashi_Tashiro, Japanese television performer *1957 - Gina_Schock, American drummer (The_Go-Go's) * 1957 - Glenn_Tilbrook, British musician (Squeeze) *1960 - Hassan_Nasrallah, leader of Hizballah *1963 - Reb_Beach, American guitarist (Winger, Whitesnake) *1968 - Todd_Carty, British actor * 1968 - Hideo_Nomo, baseball pitcher *1970 - Deborah_Gibson, American singer * 1970 - Rania, Queen of Jordan; wife of Abdullah II *1972 - Chris_Tucker, American actor *1973 - Scott_Niedermayer, hockey player *1975 - Daniel_Harding, British conductor *1977 - Jeff_Hardy, professional wrestler * 1977 - Ian_Harte, Irish footballer * 1977 - Craig_Nicholls, Australian musician (The_Vines) *1979 - Clay_Hensley, Professional baseball player * 1979 - Mickie_James, American professonal wrestler *1980 - Joe_Budden, American rapper *1982 - Jose Reina, Spanish footballer * 1982 - Ian_Crocker, American swimmer * 1982 - Chris_Duhon, American basketball player *1983 - Larry_Fitzgerald, American football player ==Deaths== * 651 - Saint_Aidan_of_Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary *1056 - Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981) *1234 - Emperor_Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212) *1372 - Ralph_Stafford,_1st_Earl_of_Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301) *1422 - King Henry_V_of_England (b. 1387) *1645 - Francesco_Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566) *1654 - Ole_Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588) *1688 - John_Bunyan, English writer (b. 1628) *1730 - Gottfried_Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?) *1741 - Johann_Gottlieb_Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681) *1772 - William_Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695) *1782 - George_Croghan, American colonist *1795 - François-André_Danican_Philidor, French chess player (b. 1726) *1799 - Nicolas-Henri_Jardin, French architect (b. 1720) *1814 - Arthur_Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738) *1867 - Charles_Baudelaire, French poet (b. 1821) *1888 - Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols, widely believed to be the first victim of Jack_the_Ripper (b. 1845) *1920 - Wilhelm_Wundt, German psychologist (b. 1832) *1941 - Marina_Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892) *1952 - Henri_Bourassa, French Canadian political leader (b. 1868) *1963 - Georges_Braque, French painter (b. 1882) *1967 - Ilya_Ehrenburg, Russian writer (b. 1891) *1969 - Rocky_Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923) *1973 - John_Ford, American film director (b. 1894) *1978 - John_Wrathall, President_of_Rhodesia (b. 1913) *1979 - Sally_Rand, American dancer and actress (b. 1904) *1985 - Frank_Macfarlane_Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel_Prize_in_Physiology_or_Medicine (b. 1899) *1986 - Henry_Moore, English sculptor (b. 1898) * 1986 - Urho_Kekkonen, President_of_Finland (b. 1900) *1997 - Diana,_Princess_of_Wales (b. 1961) * 1997 - Dodi_Fayed, Egyptian-born film producer (b. 1955) *2002 - Lionel_Hampton, American vibraphone player (b. 1908) * 2002 - George_Porter, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920) *2004 - Carl_Wayne, English singer (b. 1943) *2005 - Joseph_Rotblat, Polish-British physicist, recipient of the Nobel_Peace_Prize (b. 1908) * 2005 - Michael_Sheard, British actor (b. 1940) *2006 - Mohamed_Abdelwahab, Egyptian soccer player (b. 1983) ==Holidays and observances== * Roman Catholic Saints - Saint Aidan_of_Lindisfarne, Saint San_Abbondio, Saint Raymond_Nonnatus * Moldova: Day_of_Our_Language (Limba_Noastra). * Malaysia - Hari_Merdeka, a National_Day (independence within the Commonwealth, 1957). * Kyrgyzstan - Independence_Day (from USSR, 1991). * Trinidad_and_Tobago - Independence_Day (from Great_Britain, 1962). ==External links== * BBC: On This Day * ''The New York Times'': On This Day * On This Day in Canada ---- August_30 - September_1 - July_31 - September_30 -- listing of all days {{months}} Nov:31_de_auguste Category:August Af:31_Augustus Ar:31_أغسطس An:31_d'agosto Frp:31_oût Ast:31_d'agostu Bn:আগস্ট_৩১ Be:31_жніўня Bs:31._august Br:31_Eost Bg:31_август Ca:31_d'agost Cv:Çурла,_31 Ceb:Agosto_31 Cs:31._srpen Co:31_d'aostu Cy:31_Awst Da:31._august De:31._August Et:31._august El:31_Αυγούστου Es:31_de_agosto Eo:31-a_de_aŭgusto Eu:Abuztuaren_31 Fa:۳۱_اوت Fo:31._august Fr:31_août Fy:31_augustus Fur:31_di_Avost Ga:31_Lúnasa Gl:31_de_agosto Ko:8월_31일 Hr:31._kolovoza Io:31_di_agosto Id:31_Agustus Ia:31_de_augusto Ie:31_august Is:31._ágúst It:31_agosto He:31_באוגוסט Jv:31_Agustus Ka:31_აგვისტო Csb:31_zélnika Sw:31_Agosti Ku:31'ê_gelawêjê La:31_Augusti Lb:31._August Lt:Rugpjūčio_31 Li:31_augustus Lmo:31_08 Hu:Augusztus_31 Mk:31_август Ml:ഓഗസ്റ്റ്‌_31 Mr:ऑगस्ट_३१ Ms:31_Ogos Nl:31_augustus Ja:8月31日 Nap:31_'e_aùsto No:31._august Nn:31._august Oc:31_d'agost Pam:Agostu_31 Pl:31_sierpnia Pt:31_de_Agosto Ksh:31._Aujußß Ro:31_august Ru:31_августа War:Agosto_31 Sco:31_August Sq:31_Gusht Scn:31_di_austu Simple:August_31 Sk:31._august Sl:31._avgust Sr:31._август Fi:31._elokuuta Sv:31_augusti Tl:Agosto_31 Ta:ஆகஸ்டு_31 Tt:31._August Te:ఆగష్టు_31 Th:31_สิงหาคม Vi:31_tháng_8 Tr:31_Ağustos Uk:31_серпня Ur:31_اگست Vec:31_de_agosto Wa:31_d'_awousse Zh:8月31日